May 1945



TUESDAY, 1 MAY 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  During May the Japanese decide to give up their Greater E Asia Corridor and withdraw from S China; the Fourteenth AF further concentrates its attacks on rail and road movements and river shipping and thus plays a major role in critically reducing the enemy's mobility and supply lines. In China, 2 B-25s and 16 P-51s knock out bridges near Taiku and Kiehsiu and hit AA positions and locomotives near the bridges, blast gun emplacements in the Loning area, and hit several locomotives, near Shihkiachwang. Lieutenant General Albert C Wedemeyer, Commanding General US Forces China Theater, selects Lieutenant General George E Stratemeyer to command HQ AAF China Theater, with both HQ Tenth and Fourteenth AFs under his command. During May, the detachment of the 449th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, operating from Posek, China with P-38s, returns to base at Chengkung.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves:  9th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, from Myitkyina, Burma to Piardoba, India with F-5s; the detachment of the 317th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, operating from Akyab, Burma with C-47s, to base at Kalaikunda, India.

WEDNESDAY, 2 MAY 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  5 B-24s mine areas of the Yangtze River; 20+ B-25s and about 130 fighter-bombers attack communications targets and supply lines and hit a large variety of targets of opportunity throughout S and E China as the air campaign accelerates with the aim of disrupting the imminent withdrawal of the Japanese and the abandonment of their Greater E Asia Corridor.

THURSDAY, 3 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 9 B-25s and 6 fighter- bombers attack truck convoys in the Hsiang River Valley and near Paoching, Changsha, and Hengyang, and pound railroad targets of opportunity and bridges in the Taiku, Singtai, and Linfen areas; 90+ fighter-bombers attack troops, town areas, ammunition dumps, river shipping and other targets of opportunity over wide areas of S and E China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  With the fall of Rangoon, Burma on this date (Indian 26 Division elements occupy the city), the war against the Japanese in Burma is successfully concluded; pockets of resistance remain W of the Irrawaddy River and between that river and the Mandalay-Pegu, Thailand railway however, during May AAF operations are reduced drastically due to the lack of suitable air targets and because of the onset of bad weather preceding the monsoon. The Tenth AF is withdrawn from combat and moved back to India (see 15 May 45); 1 squadron of P-38s remains in Burma to patrol the roads leading into China.

Unit moves:  88th Fighter Squadron, 80th Fighter Group, from Myitkyina, Burma to Moran, India with P-47s; the detachment of the 156th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, operating from Myitche with UC-64s and L-5s, to Magwe, Burma; the 317th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, based at Kalaikunda, India with C-47s, sends a detachment to operate from Comilla, India.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  7 missions are flown.

Missions 127 to 132:  59 B-29s bomb airfields at Tachiarai, Miyazaki, Miyakonojo, Kokubu and 2 at Kanoya; 5 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim 10 Japanese fighters; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 133:  88 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and the Inland Sea during the night of 3/4 May; 3 others mine other waters.

FRIDAY, 4 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  12 B-25s and 180+ fighter-bombers, mostly operating in flights of 2 to 4 aircraft, attack town areas, storage, troops, horses, trucks, river shipping, airfields, and many other targets of opportunity scattered over the vast expanse of S and E China.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  The 792d, 793d and 794th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 468th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), begin a movement from Kharagpur, India to Tinian Island, Mariana Islands with B-29s.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in Burma:  83d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), based at Fenny, India with B-25s, begins operating from Magwe, Burma; 164th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, from Sinthe to Magwe with UC-64s and L-5s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Missions 140 to 143:  47 B-29s attack airfields at Oita, Omura, Saeki, and Matsuyama on Kyushu and Shikoku Islands, Japan; 2 others attack targets of opportunity; 1 B-29 is lost.

SATURDAY, 5 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 3 B-25s knock out a bridge at Singtai and hit railroad traffic in the Sinsiang area; 5 B-25s hit railroad cars and other targets of opportunity at Kaifeng, Hsihhsiassuchi, and in the Tungkuan and Luan areas; 76 fighter-bombers, operating in flights of 2 to 4 aircraft, attack a variety of targets of opportunity throughout S and E China. The 530th Fighter Squadron, 311th Fighter Group, moves from Kwanghan to Pungchacheng, China with P-51s.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves from Burma to India:

HQ 33d Fighter Group from Sahmaw to Piardoba; 90th Fighter Squadron, 80th Fighter Group, from Myitkyina to Moran with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  7 missions are flown.

Missions 144, 145 and 147 to 149:  55 B-29s bomb airfields at Oita, Tachiarai, Kanoya, and Chiran on Kyushu Island, Japan; 2 others attack targets of opportunity; 3 B-29s are lost.

Mission 146:  148 B-29s [including the 58th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) flying their first attack of Japan from Tinian] hit a navy aircraft factory and arsenal at Kure, Japan; 4 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim 11 Japanese fighters; 2 B-29s are lost.

Mission 150:  During the night of 5/6 May, 86 B-29s drop mines in Tokyo Bay, Ise Bay, and at points in the Inland Sea; 4 others mine targets of opportunity.

SUNDAY, 6 MAY 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  3 B-25s and 4 P-51s knock out a bridge at Hsihhsiassuchi, China; 111 fighter-bombers, operating in flights of 2 to 4 aircraft, attack numerous targets of opportunity throughout S and E China.

MONDAY, 7 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 3 B-25s and 4 P-47s knock out a bridge N of Singtai; 3 B-24s attack Yellow River targets of opportunity, damaging at least 1 bridge; 131 fighter-bombers again hit various targets of opportunity throughout S and E China, concentrating on railroad targets; the 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, based at Kunming with F-5s, sends a flight to operate from Laifeng (other flights are at Hanchung, Lulinag and Hsian).

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (ETO):  The German High Command surrenders unconditionally all land, sea, and air forces at Reims, France effective 9 May 45. General of the Army Dwight D Eisenhower says, "The mission of this Allied force was fulfilled at 0241 local time, May 7, 1945."

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Missions 151 to 154:  41 B-29s bomb airfields at Usa, Oita, Ibusuki, and Kanoya on Kyushu Island; 34 Japanese aircraft are claimed destroyed by B-29s during the Usa and Oita missions; 3 B-29s are lost. The 792d, 793d and 794th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 468th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), arrive at West Field, Tinian Island, Mariana Islands from India with B-29s.

TUESDAY, 8 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  13 B-25s knock out a bridge at Do Cam and damage others at Do Len, over the Song Chu River in French Indochina, and N of Kaifeng, China. In China, a single B-24 damages bridges at Huto; 20 P-51s pound rail and road traffic along the French Indochina coast while 12 P-51s and P-38s hit targets of opportunity in several cities; about 100 fighter- bombers over wide areas of S and E China continue to hit numerous targets of opportunity, concentrating on shipping and the dock area at Taku.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Missions 155 to 158:  40 B-29s hit airfields at Kanoya, Miyakonojo, Oita, and Matsuyama on Kyushu and Shikoku Islands, Japan; 1 other hits a target of opportunity.

WEDNESDAY, 9 MAY 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 14 B-24s, 14 B-25s, and 26 P-51s blast Paoching and various nearby targets of opportunity; some of the fighter-bombers also attack targets of opportunity W of Hengyang. 4 P-51s pound boxcars, locomotives, and other railroad targets from Tourane to Hue, French Indochina.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  6th Fighter Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, from Hay to Asansol with P-47s; 115th Liaison Squadron, Tenth AF, from Dinjan to Nagaghuli with L-1s and L-5s.

THURSDAY, 10 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 19 B-25s and 4 P-47s attack bridges at Fengstun and Pinyang, on the Song Chu River, and N of Singtai (a Pinyang, China target is destroyed), hit Yungfengshih and Chingshuping, and bomb the airfield at Paoching; 100-120 fighter-bombers pounding targets of opportunity over S and E China, disrupt enemy movement and supply lines.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  1st Fighter Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, from Cox's Bazar to Kalaikunda with P-51s; 164th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, from Sinthe, Burma to Asansol with UC-64s and L-5s; the 315th Troop Carrier Squadron, 443d Troop Carrier Group, from Ledo to Dinjan with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  8 missions are flown; the B-29s claim 10 Japanese aircraft; 1 B-29 is lost.

Missions 159 to 162:  42 B-29s hit airfields at Matsuyama, Usa, Miyazaki, and Kanoya on Kyushu and Shikoku Islands; 14 others hit targets of opportunity.

Mission 163:  54 B-29s bomb the Tokuyama naval fuel station; 2 others hit targets of opportunity.

Mission 164:  56 B-29s hit the Tokuyama coal yards; 1 other hits a target of opportunity.

Mission 165:  112 B-29s hit the Otake oil refinery; 14 others hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 166:  80 B-29s bomb the Amami-O-Shima naval oil storage facilities; 4 others hit targets of opportunity.

FRIDAY, 11 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 6 B-25s and 4 P-47s knock out the Chungmow bridge and damage a bridge at Sincheng; 2 B-25s bomb truck convoys in the Paoching, Hengyang, and Changsha areas; 60+ fighter-bombers hit troops, artillery positions, communications targets, and general targets of opportunity in S and E China, concentrating on the Yangchi and Fantung areas.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  HQ 443d Troop Carrier Group from Ledo to Dinjan and 459th Fighter Squadron, 80th Fighter Group from Rumkha to Dudhkundi with P-38s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  6 missions are flown.

Missions 167 to 171:  50 B-29s attack airfields at Oita, Saeki, Nittagahara, Miyazaki, and Miyakonojo on Kyushu Island; 8 others hit targets of opportunity. Missions against Japanese airfields terminate the air campaign, begun on 17 Apr, during which the Twentieth AF has devoted a major effort toward hitting sources of Kamikaze raids against USN and US Marine Corps (USMC) forces in the Battle of Okinawa.

Mission 172:  92 B-29s bomb the Kawanishi aircraft plant at Kobe; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; they claim 9 Japanese fighters; 1 B-29 is lost.

SATURDAY, 12 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 17 B-25s and 8 P-51s bomb the barracks and storage area at Loyang and hit railroad targets around Sinsiang and Sinyang, from Hankow to Sinyang, from Chenghsien to Szeshui, from Kioshan to Lohochai, and between Hengshan and Yoyang and knock out a bridge N of Hengyang; 150+ fighter-bombers again hit scattered targets in S and E China, concentrating on road, rail, and river traffic and supply lines.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  12th Combat Cargo Squadron, 3d Combat Cargo Group, from Tulihal to Ledo with C-47s; 71st Liaison Squadron, Tenth AF, from Dinjan to Piardoba with UC-64s, L-1s, L-4s and L-5s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  HQ 331st Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and 355th, 356th and 357th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy) and HQ 502d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and 402d, 411th and 430th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy) arrive at Northwest Field, Guam Island from the US with B-29s.

SUNDAY, 13 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 5 B-24s lay mines in the Yangtze River; 10 B-25s and 5 fighters knock out bridges at Hankow and Hengyang but fail to hit a bridge N of Siaokan; 130+ fighter-bombers over areas of S and E China attack troops, bridges, rail traffic, town areas, and other targets of opportunity and generally disrupt Japanese movement and communications; the flight of the 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, operating from Luliang with F-5s, returns to base at Kunming.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 5th Fighter Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Hay to Asansol, India with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 173:  During the night of 13/14 May, 12 B-29s drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait, Japan.

MONDAY, 14 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, B-24s mine the Yangtze River; 15 B-25s and 6 fighter-bombers hit river shipping near Hengshan and pound bridges and other railroad targets around Chushihtien, Sinyang, Kioshan, Kuanshuishih, Hengyang, Chuchou, Changsha, Yoyang, Sintien, Hsuchang, Saiping, and Hengshan; 120+ fighter-bombers over S and E China hit numerous targets of opportunity at several locations concentrating on the Liping and Tungkow areas;

Fourteenth AF unit moves in China:  11th Combat Cargo Squadron from Dinjan, India to Yunnani with C-47s; 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron from Kunming to Shwangliu with F-5s (flights operating from Hanchung, Hsian and Laifeng); 35th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron based at Chanyi with F-5s sends a detachment to operate from Kunming.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  2d Fighter Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, from Cox's Bazar to Kalaikunda with P-51s; 166th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, from Toungoo, Burma to Asansol with UC-64s and L-5s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 174:  472 B-29s blast the urban area of N Nagoya, Japan; 8 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim about 20 Japanese fighters; 11 B-29s are lost. This is the XXI Bomber Command's first 4-wing raid as B-29s of the 58th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) join bombers from the 73d, 313th, and 314th Bombardment Wings (Very Heavy) in a single mission.

TUESDAY, 15 MAY 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, a single B-24, supported by 2 P-51s, seriously damages 3 bridges near Singtai and Linmingkuan; 20 B-25s, some with fighter escort, bomb bridges, barracks, troops, horses, road and railroad targets, and general targets of opportunity around Sinyang, Yoyang, Changsha, Hsuchang, Chenghsien, Sichuan, Pinyang, Tsinkong, Luchou, Kweiping, Tanchuk, Laohokow, Siangyang, Nanying, Paoching, and Hengyang; 150 fighter- bombers over S and E China attack a variety of targets chiefly road, rail, and river traffic, troops, and bridges, at many scattered locations; the Liping and Tungkow areas are again well covered.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  HQ Tenth AF from Myitkyina, Burma to Piardoba; HQ 1st Combat Cargo Group and 4th Combat Cargo Squadron from Dohazari to Hathazari with C-47s.

WEDNESDAY, 16 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, B-24s continue to lay mines in the Yangtze River; 33 B-25s and 16 P-47s and P-51s attack railroad targets, barracks, HQ, bridges, town areas, river shipping, and targets of opportunity at or near Kaifeng, Sinyang, Chungsiang, Chienyangi, Ichang, Chingmen, Yanglowtung, Kiyang, Loyang, Szeshui, Hsihhsiassuchi, Shanhsien, Neihsiang, Liuchow, Kweiping, Nanyo, Shihlipu, Hojung, Mingkiang, and Kioshan; 100+ fighter-bombers attack river, road, and rail traffic, troops, gun positions, and generally harass Japanese movement and supply lines in S and E China hitting especially targets of opportunity in Yangchi.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 2d Combat Cargo Squadron, 1st Combat Cargo Group, moves from Dohazari to Hathazari, India with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 175:  During the night of 16/17 May, 25 B-29s mine Shimonsoeki Strait and 2 others hit targets of opportunity.

THURSDAY, 17 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  16 B-25s and about 100 fighters continue to disrupt communications and supply lines and hinder enemy withdrawal from numerous locations of S and E China, pounding town areas, troop concentrations, storage areas, river, road, and rail traffic and general targets of opportunity.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 319th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, ceases operating from various forward bases in Burma and returns to base at Asansol, India with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 176:  Between 0300 and 0600 hours local, 457 of 522 B-29s attack the Nagoya urban area in the last great attack on this city; the S part of Nagoya, the site of the Mitsubishi Aircraft Works, Aichi Aircraft Company's Atsuta palnt and the Atsuta branch of the Nagoya Arsenal, the Nippon Vehicle Company and other targets are attacked; the attack is made from low levels; 11 other B-29s hit targets of opportunity; 3 B-29s are lost.

FRIDAY, 18 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 9 B-25s blast the Siangtan supply areas; 8 B-25s, supported by 7 P-51s, hit railroad targets and other targets of opportunity around Sinyang, Kiaotow, Sintsiang, and Chenghsien; about 75 fighter-bomber and reconnaissance aircraft continue the harassment of enemy movement and supply lines throughout S and E China, escort of C-47 transports, and surveillance of enemy forces.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 177:  During the night of 18/19 May, 30 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and Tsuruga Harbor in Japan. The advance air echelon of the 509th Composite Group arrives at North Field on Tinian Island; the 509th is scheduled to deliver atomic bomb attacks on Japan; its Commanding Officer is Colonel Paul W Tibbets Jr, a pilot with a distinguished record in the 97th Bombardment Group (Heavy) in Europe and N Africa.

SATURDAY, 19 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 4 B-25s blast the Kaifeng warehouse area, destroying at least 5 warehouses, while another hits nearby railroad tracks; another B-25 bombs the town of Shanhsien; about 90 fighter- bombers attack river, road, and rail shipping, troops, supplies and general targets of opportunity, continuing the disruption of troop movement and withdrawal in S and E China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The detachments of the 127th and 155th Liaison Squadrons (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, operating from Akyab, Burma with UC-64s and L-5s, return to base at Kalaikunda, India.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 178:  272 B-29s make an abortive raid on the Tachikawa Aircraft Company and bomb the city of Hamamatsu; 14 others hit targets of opportunity; 4 B-29s are lost.

SUNDAY, 20 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 55 P-51s and P-40s pound truck concentrations, fuel dumps, gun positions, supply areas, troops, bridges, rail, road, and river traffic, and various targets of opportunity around Liping, Yangchi, Siangtan, Yoyang, Yungfengshih, Paoching, Taohwaping, Hengyang, Tungkow, and Changsha.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  In India, the detachment of the 317th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, operating from Comilla with C-47s, returns to base at Kalaikunda.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 179:  During the night of 20/21 May, 30 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait, Maizuru harbor, and He-Saki anchorage; 1 B-29 is lost.

MONDAY, 21 MAY 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 8 B-25s bomb a bridge approach N of Hankow, 1 damages the railroad track between Changsha and Kweiyi, and 2 score near misses on a bridge at Kuanshuishih; 3 B-25s and 6 P-51s damage a bridge at Chihsien and hit railroad targets of opportunity in the Anyang area; 50+ fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance continue attacks against river, road, and rail traffic, positions, troops, bridges, and numerous other targets in S and E China.

TUESDAY, 22 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 15 B-25s and 7 fighter- bombers knock out a rail bridge at Hei-Shih Kuan, damage a bridge approach at Hwayuan, and hit a variety of targets S of Kuo-lueh-chen; 10 P-51s drop napalm on trucks, barracks, storage, trains, and town areas at Sinyang, and Shanyangchen; 45 other fighter-bombers and photo reconnaissance aircraft attack railroad targets, bridges, troops, and other targets at several S and E China points and survey enemy movements.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The flight of the 20th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, operating from Akyab, Burma with F-6s, returns to base at Nagaghuli, India.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 180:  During the night of 22/23 May, 30 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and approaches; 1 B-29 is lost.

WEDNESDAY, 23 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 14 B-25s and 6 P-51s attack a bridge and gun positions N and S of Hwayuan, knock out a bridge and hit boxcars at Chungmow, damage a bridge N of Lohochai, damage a bridge and nearby gun positions at Kuanshuishih, and pound truck convoys around Paoching, Hengyang, and Changsha; 30+ fighter-bombers hit various targets of opportunity around Liping, Yoyang, Changsha, Hengyang, Luntangpu, Chingmen, Shasi, and Ichang.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 5th and 6th Fighter Squadrons (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, move from Asansol to Kalaikunda, India with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 181:  During the night of 23/24 May, 520 out of 562 B-29s sent against Tokyo bomb an urban-industrial area S of the Imperial Palace along the W side of the harbor; 5 others hit targets of opportunity; 17 B-29s are lost; this is the largest number of B-29s participating in a single mission during World War II.

THURSDAY, 24 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  5 B-25s knock out a railroad bridge N of Anyang; 30+ fighter-bombers attack railroad targets, truck convoys, bridges, and other targets of opportunity around Nanyang, Burma and Anyang, Sichuan, Kuo-lueh-chen, Kuantaokou, Luntangpu, Houpo, Laohokow, Sinsiang, Kiehsiu, Linfen, Taiyuan, Puchou, and Yutze, China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  HQ 80th Fighter Group moves from Myitkyina, Burma to Dudhkundi, India. The 434th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), ceases operating from Magwe, Burma with B-25s, and returns to base at Fenny, India.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 182:  During the night of 24/25 May, 25 B-29s lay mines in Shimonoseki Strait and at Niigata, Nanao, and Fushiki.

FRIDAY, 25 MAY 1945

ZONE OF INTERIOR:  The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) approve the directive for Operation OLYMPIC, the invasion of the Japanese Home Islands, scheduled for 1 Nov 45.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  5 B-25s and 2 P-51s knock out a bridge N of Kioshan, damage another N of Changtuikuan, and pound railroad targets around Sinyang, Saiping, Sinantien, Hsuchang, and Chenghsien; 16 fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance hit various targets of opportunity in the Nanyang, Burma and Anyang, Hantan, Chenghsien, Kaifeng, Linfen, Shihkiachwang, Sinsiang, Miyanghsien, Tenghsien, Loning, Sichuan, and Hsuchang, China areas. The 322d Troop Carrier Squadron, Fourteenth AF, moves form Kunming to Loping, China with C-47s.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves:  83d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), ceases operating from Magwe, Burma with B-25s, and returns to base at Fenny, India; 427th Night Fighter Squadron, Tenth AF, moves from Myitkyina, Burma to Dinjan, India with P-61s (a detachment is operating from Kunming, China).

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  By concurrence of Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPOA), the VII Fighter Command, with its subordinate units, is assigned to operational and administrative control of HQ Twentieth AF. 100 Iwo Jima-based P-51s fly 73 effective strike sorties against Matsudo and Tokorozawa Airfields, Japan claiming 8-0-1 Japanese aircraft in the air and 10-0-40 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost.

Mission 183:  During the night of 25/26 May, 464 B-29's pound the urban area of Tokyo immediately S of the Imperial Palace just N of that bombed on 23/24 May, including financial, commercial, and governmental districts as well as factories and homes; 6 others bomb targets of opportunity; they claim 19 Japanese fighters; 26 B-29s are lost on this mission, the highest single-day loss of B-29s in World War II.

SATURDAY, 26 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 12 B-25s and 6 P-51s damage 2 bridges N of Hankow; 4 B-25s hit railroad targets around Lohochai and between Kinkiang and Kioshan; 3 B-25s attack truck convoys in the Siangtan and Paoching areas and along the Paoching-Hengyang-Changsha highway; 80+ fighter-bombers over several areas in S and E China continue to harass Japanese movements, attacking troops and positions and hitting rail and road traffic; the Japanese complete their withdrawal from Yungning, severing the land connection with French Indochina; the Chinese retake Nanning.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  16 P-47s from Saipan Island strafe airfields on Moen Island, the seaplane base on Dublon Island, and several targets of opportunity, all in Truk Atoll.

Mission 184:  During the night of 26/27 May, 29 B-29s mine waters in Shimonoseki Strait and at Fushiki, Fukuoka, and Karatsu.

SUNDAY, 27 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 15 B-25s bomb a textile mill at Chenghsien, attack trains, railroad track and a bridge in the Lohochai area, and bomb railroad yards at Sinyang; 80+ fighter-bombers attack town areas, trucks, railroad targets, bridges, and general targets of opportunity at scattered S and E China locations.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 319th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Asansol, India to Warazup, Burma with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 185:  During the night of 27/28 May, 9 B-29s drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait and in the Moji area; 1 B-29 is lost. 16 Saipan Island-based P-47s sweep Truk Atoll, strafing the airfield, aircraft, and radio tower and facilities on Moen Island, buildings at the Dublon Island seaplane base and on Udot Island, and small craft off Dublon and Fanamu Islands.

MONDAY, 28 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  19 B-25s, along with 8 fighter- bombers, hit railroad, road, and river traffic around Vinh, Quang Tri, Dap Cau, and Song Chu, French Indochina, knock out a bridge at Hwayuan and demolish a tunnel opening near Wuchang, China. In China, 16 P-51s cause heavy damage and casualties blasting a bridge and military installations near Wuchang; 27 P-51s hit bridges, troops, storage, trucks, trains, rivercraft, and other targets in the Yoyang area; 65 other fighter-bombers attack targets of opportunity at several locations throughout S and E China; 15 photo reconnaissance aircraft continue to maintain good coverage of enemy movements; the detachment of the 25th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, operating from Poseh with P-51s, returns to base at Yunnani.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  In Japan, fighters from Iwo Jima Island hit Kasumigaura and its airfield with 6 planes claimed destroyed and 40+ damaged and P-47s fly heckler strikes against Kyushu during the night of 28/29 May. The Japanese wage their last strong air effort on Okinawa hitting a number of ships and sinking the destroyer USS Drexler (DD-741).

TUESDAY, 29 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, a single B-24 damages a railroad bridge over the Huto River and 4 B-25s and 4 P-51s knock out a bridge S of Kuanshuishih. In French Indochina, 2 B-25s attack locomotives near Vinh and about 30 fighter-bombers attack communications and transportation targets around Thanh Hoa, Vinh, Quang Tri, Vinh and Yen, Chenghsien and Yoyang, China

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 88th Fighter Squadron, 80th Fighter Group, moves from Moran to Dudhkundi, India with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 186:  454 B-29s, escorted by 101 P-51s from the VII Fighter Command for the first time on a fire-bomb raid, bomb Yokohama with incendiaries and destroy the main business district (a third of the city's area) along the waterfront; the burned out area of Yokohama now amounts to almost 9 square miles (23.3 square km); about 150 Japanese fighters attack the formations; the B-29s claim 6 fighters and the P-51s claim 26-9-23:  7 B-29s and 3 P-51s are lost. HQ 509th Composite Group arrives at North Field, Tinian Island from the US.

WEDNESDAY, 30 MAY 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  7 B-25s pound railroad yards at Sinsiang and knock out a bridge at Sincheng; 28 fighter-bombers attack bridges, enemy positions, trucks, railroad targets, barracks, and general targets of opportunity around Anyang, Liuchow, Chingmen, Chungmow, Linfen, Huluehchen, Kweilin, Hsinganhsien, Leiyang, and Yenkoupu.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 90th Fighter Squadron, 80th Fighter Group, moves from Moran to Dudhkundi, India with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  14 P-47s strafe barges at Truk Atoll; 28 P-47s from Ie Shima Island hit shipping and a lighthouse at Amami-O-Shima, Japan and Okino Erabu, Ryukus Islands. The 320th Troop Carrier Squadron and 393d Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy), 509th Composite Group, arrive at North Field, Tinian Island from the US with C-47s, C-54s and B-29s respectively.

THURSDAY, 31 MAY 1945

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 5 B-25s and 4 P-47s hit railroad tracks and cars in the Chenghsien and Kaifeng areas, knock out a bridge at Sinyang, damage a bridge at Lohochai, and strafe AA positions at both bridges; 30+ fighter-bombers damage 4 bridges, hit several railroad targets and rivercraft, attack trucks and troops, and strafe numerous targets of opportunity around Shihkiachwang, Changsha, Yoyang, Yenkoupu, Taohwaping, Changanyi, Chiuchiang, Liuchow, Tsinkong, and Pioching.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  USAAF units, including the Tenth AF and US components of the Eastern Air Command (EAC), are withdrawn from the Southeast Asia Command (SEAC) and returned to the operational control of the AAF; EAC is inactivated, along with the Strategic AF and Combat Cargo Task Force. The detachment of the 156th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, operating from Magwe, Burma with UC-64s and L-5s, returns to base at Kalaikunda, India.

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