June 1945



FRIDAY, 1 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 6 B-25s bomb the Sinsiang railroad yards while 4 B-25s and 4 P-47s damage a bridge N of Linmingkuan; 18 P-51s hit river shipping, warehouses and other targets in the Yoyang area; 20 other fighter-bombers knock out a bridge near Szeshui, pound river shipping near Yoyang, and attack various targets in the Huluehchen area; during Jun, the 118th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF (attached to 23d Fighter Group), moves from Chengkung to Laohwangping with P-40s and P-51s.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  HQ 1st Combat Cargo Group from Hathazari to Myitkyina, Burma; 1st and 2d Troop Carrier Squadrons, 443d Troop Carrier Group, from Warazup and Shingbwiyang, Burma respectively to Dinjan with C-47s; 2d and 3d Combat Cargo Squadrons, 1st Combat Cargo Group, from Hathazari to Bhamo and Myitkyina, Burma respectively with C-47s; 9th, 436th and 492d Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), from Pandaveswar to Tezpur with B-24s; 317th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 2d Air Commando Group, from Kalaikunda to Ledo with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 187:  458 B-29s attack Osaka, Japan and 16 others hit targets of opportunity; 148 P-51s of the VII Fighter Command, enroute to the escort rendezvous with the B-29s, encounter a severe weather front; flying behind in excessive turbulence, many of the fighters collide and 27 are lost; 27 others manage to find the B-29s and escort them over the target; the B-29s claim 16 Japanese fighters and the P-51s claim 1-0-0; 10 B-29s are lost. In the Ryukyu Islands 12 P-47s from Ie Shima Island fly strafing and rocket attacks against Kikaiga Island, Tokuno, and Amami Gunto, Japan.

SATURDAY, 2 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  2 B-25s blast fuel and ammunition dumps NE of Nanyang, Burma. In China, 20 fighter-bombers attack the airfield at Tsinan, railroad yards and targets of opportunity at Anyang and the warehouse area at Paoching, knock out a bridge S of Singtai, and hit trucks, tanks, and armored vehicles in the Liuchow area.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  P-47s fly heckler strikes against Kyushu Island, Japan during the night of 2/3 Jun.

SUNDAY, 3 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 5 B-25s and 25 P-51s blast the warehouse area and river traffic at Liuchow; 2 B-25s bomb the Sinyang- Lohochai railroad; a single B-24, escorted by 2 P-51s, damages a bridge N of Shihkiachwang; 4 P-51s damage a bridge E of Kiehsiu and strafe a train and lumber carts N of Linfen; bad weather curtails other scheduled fighter-bomber missions.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  HQ 3d Combat Cargo Group moves from Dinjan, India to Myitkyina, Burma while it's 9th and 10th Combat Cargo Squadron move from Warazup, Burma and Dinjan to Myitkyina with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  P-47s on a heckler patrol strafe targets of opportunity on Amami-O-Shima Island, Japan.

MONDAY, 4 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 12 B-25s heavily damage railroad yards and warehouses at Sinsiang; 10 B-25s and 4 P-51s in repeat attack on the yards cause numerous fires; 2 B-25s and 3 P-51s hit road and railroad targets of opportunity from Sinyang to Hsuchang; 17 fighters bomb or strafe bridges, railroad traffic, and other targets of opportunity around Chihsien, Linfen, Shihkiachwang, and Liuchow.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  8 P-51s from Iwo Jima Island bomb the radio station on Chichi Jima Island and strafe the town of Okimura on Haha Jima Island during the return flight. P-47s fly heckler strikes against Kyushu Island, Japan during the night of 4/5 Jun.

TUESDAY, 5 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  32 B-25s and 8 P-51s bomb the city of Nanyang, Burma, hit railroad yards at Anyang, and damage a bridge approach at Chuanhsien, China, and bomb ferries at Ninh Binh and Dap Cau, French Indochina. 40+ fighters bomb and strafe rail, river, and road traffic and general targets of opportunity throughout S and E China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 12th Combat Cargo Squadron, 3d Combat Cargo Group, moves from Ledo, India to Myitkyina, Burma with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 188:  473 B-29s pound the city of Kobe, Japan with incendiaries; 8 others hit targets of opportunity; they claim 86 Japanese fighters; 11 B-29s are lost; the attack burns off over 4 square miles (10.4 square km) and damages over half of the city. P-47s from Ie Shima Island patrol over Amami Gunto Island, Japan and strafe a lighthouse.

WEDNESDAY, 6 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 11 B-25s and 9 P-51s bomb railroad yards N of Siaokan and damage bridges, strafe gun positions, and attack general targets of opportunity around Saiping and Hwayuan; 30+ fighters bomb or strafe bridges near Chihsien and Fengstun and hit troops, railroad targets, and targets of opportunity around Linfen, Laohokow, Changsha, Peking, and Kweilin, and Dap Cau and Thanh Hoa, French Indochina.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  36 Ie Shima Island-based P-47s, sweeping the S part of Kyushu Island, Japan, hit numerous targets of opportunity with rockets and machinegun fire, and claim 9 aircraft downed; in the Ryukyu Islands, Ie Shima-based P-47s patrol over Amami Gunto Island, Japan, strafing a lighthouse and buildings.

THURSDAY, 7 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 7 B-25s and 4 P-47s damage a bridge near Anyang, bomb buildings N of Changsha and the airstrip at Paoching, and hit targets of opportunity during a road and river sweep from Siangtan to Yoyang; 45 fighters bomb or strafe numerous targets including troops, river traffic, town areas, and supplies in S and E China and knock out bridges at Singtai and Chihsien.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  Unit moves in India:  HQ 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy) from Pandaveswar to Tezpur; and 81st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), from Fenny to Madhaiganj Airfield with B-25s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  2 missions are flown. Mission 189:  409 B-29s, escorted by 138 VII Fighter Command P-51s, drop incendiary and high explosive bombs on Osaka, Japan, hitting the east-central section of the city which contains industrial and transportation targets and the Osaka Army Arsenal (largest in Japan); despite being forced to bomb by radar because of heavy undercast, the B-29s burn out over 2 square miles (5.2 square km) of the city, destroying 55,000+ buildings; 9 other B-29s hit alternate targets; the P-51s claim 2-0-1 Japanese aircraft; 2 B-29s and 1 P-51 are lost.

Mission 190:  During the night of 7/8 Jun, 26 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters around Fukuoka and Karatsu, Japan.

20 P-47s from Ie Shima Island hit targets of opportunity (radio station, warehouses, freighter, and motor launches) on Kyushu Island, Japan, and claim 5 aircraft downed.

FRIDAY, 8 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 15 P-51s and P-40s attack bridges near Hankow, N of Sinsiang, and SE of Tayung, knocking out the latter; 17 other fighters bomb and strafe river-craft, warehouses, trucks, airfield, town areas, and general targets of opportunity around Hwangkang, Ichang, Hengyang, Laohokow, and Tehsien.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  HQ 12th Bombardment Group (Medium) moves from Fenny to Pandaveswar and Madhaiganj Airfield, India respectively with B-25s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Very Long Range Mission 17:  104 Iwo Jima Island-based fighters dispatched against Kagamigahara Airfield and Meiji in the Nagoya, Japan area, abort due to bad weather. The 548th Night Fighter Squadron, VII Fighter Command (attached to AAFPOA), moves from Iwo Jima Island to Ie Shima Island with P-61s.

SATURDAY, 9 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  3 B-25s and 60+ P-47s, P-51s, and P-40s damage 4 bridges, hit river shipping, pound town areas and villages, and attack various targets of opportunity around Nanyang, Burma and Hwayuan, Changte, Suchow, Sinyang, Hankow, Laohokow, Tatung, Tashihkiao, Pinyang, Luchai, Kiehsiu, Linfen, Tsinan, and Shihkiachwang, China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 83d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Fenny to Pandaveswar, India with B-25s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Five missions are flown.

Mission 191:  44 B-29s attack the Kawanishi Aircraft Company's plant at Narao; 1 other hits a target of opportunity.

Mission 192:  24 B-29s hit the Kawasaki plant at Akashi; there is 9/10 cloud cover and bombing is by radar; the village of Akashi rather than the factory is hit; 2 others bomb targets of opportunity.

Mission 193:  42 B-29s hit Aichi's Atsuta factory; only 4 bombs hit the target area but 1 causes a devastating fire; 1 other hits a target of opportunity.

Mission 194:  During the night of 8/9 Jun, 26 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait; 1 other mines an alternate target.

20 P-47s from Ie Shirna strafe various targets of opportunity on Kyushu Island, Japan. 57 P-51s from Iwo Jima Island pound Kagamigahara Airfield and the surrounding area in the Nagoya area; 20+ parked airplanes are claimed destroyed or damaged; 3 P-51s are lost.

SUNDAY, 10 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 14 P-51s damage a bridge near Singtai and attack barracks, river-craft, fuel dumps, trucks and other targets of opportunity around Taohsien, Lingling, Liuchow, and Kaifeng.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  HQ 4th Combat Cargo Group and the 13th, 14th and 15th Combat Cargo Squadrons move from Chittagong, India to Namponmao, Burma with C-46s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  6 missions are flown.

Mission 195:  23 B-29s attack the seaplane base at Kasumigaura; 2 others hit alternate targets.

Mission 196:  32 B-29s bomb an the Japan Aircraft Company plant at Tomioka; 1 other hits an alternate target.

Mission 197:  118 B-29s are dispatched to hit the Nakajima Aircraft plant at Musashi; clouds cover the target and they hit the Hitachi engineering works at Kaigan; 2 others hit alternate targets.

Mission 198:  26 B-29s attack the Hitachi plant at Chiba.

Mission 199:  52 B-29s hit the Nakajima plants at Ogikubu and Omiya; 4 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 200:  29 B-29s attack the Tachikawa Army Air Arsenal and 3 others hit alternate targets.

The VII Fighter Commands sends 107 P-51s to escort the B-29s; 27-7-10 Japanese aircraft are claimed without loss.

39 Ie Shima Island-based P-47s sweeping Kyushu Island, Japan, strafe numerous ground targets of opportunity, and claim 17 aircraft shot down.

MONDAY, 11 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 4 B-25s, with fighter escort, bomb railroad yards at Kuanshuishih; 29 fighters attack bridges, rail and road traffic, river-craft, and targets of opportunity in general around Fenglochen, Liuchow, Samshui, Luchai, Lipu, Leiyang, and Kweilin.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, 4th Combat Cargo Group, moves from Chittagong, India to Namponmao, Burma with C-46s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 201:  During the night of 11/12 Jun, 26 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and Tsuruga Bay. Iwo Jima Island-based fighters hit Tokorozawa Airfield, Japan; pilots attacking the airfield claim 18 parked airplanes destroyed and 30+ damaged. Combat crews of the 509th Composite Group begin to arrive at North Field, Tinian Island, Mariana Islands, with their B-29s.

TUESDAY, 12 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 2 B-25s knock out a bridge S of Yutze while 4 escorting P-47s hit nearby AA positions and afterwards pound railroad targets at Linfen; 9 P-51s and 2 P-61s damage a bridge N of Hengyang, hit a storage area at Yunganshih, and attack railroad targets, troops, horses, AA positions, and road traffic in Neikiuhsien and Hengyang.

WEDNESDAY, 13 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 11 B-25s and 7 P-51s considerably damage the Kaifeng railroad yards and strafe a communications center S of Puchou; 8 P-51s damage 2 bridges at Fenglochen and Shihkiachwang and hit railroad targets of opportunity around Fenglochen and Suchow.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 202:  During the night of 13/14 May, 29 B-29s drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait and in the waters at Niigata. 40+ P-47s from Ie Shima Island strafe and fire rockets at vessels, buildings, a radio station, barracks, and airfields at Amakusa Jima and Amami-O-Shima Islands, and Tokuno, Japan.

THURSDAY, 14 JUNE 1945

AMERICAN THEATER

ZONE OF INTERIOR (ZI):  The Joint Chiefs of Staff direct Generals of the Army Henry H "Hap" Arnold and Douglas MacArthur and Fleet Admiral Chester W Nimitz to prepare for immediate occupation of Japan in the event the enemy suddenly collapses or surrenders.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 42 P-51s attack bridges, shipping, AA positions, railroad targets, trucks, and communications around Hengyang, Hankow, Yoyang, Lingling, Anyang, Szeshui, Hohsien, Shihkiachwang, Neikiuhsien and Puchou.

FRIDAY, 15 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 3 B-25s and 47 P-51s and P-47s knock out a bridge W of Shihkiachwang, damage and attack others, and hit trucks, barracks, river-craft, storage facilities, gun positions, railroad targets, and targets of opportunity; targets are the Pinghan railroad, Kukong, Lingling, Chenhsien, Kuotaichiao, Pakonghow, Kweilin, Anyang, Shihkiachwang, Loyang, Liuchow, and Paoching areas.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  2 missions are flown.

Mission 203:  444 B-29s fly an incendiary mission against the Osaka- Amagasaki urban area, ending a month of concentrated fire raids against large Japanese cities; an additional 1.9 square miles (4.9 square km) of Osaka and 0.59 square miles (1.5 square km) of Amagasaki are burned out; 25 other B-29s hit alternate targets; 2 B-29s are lost. 123 P-51s are dispatched as escort but 380 miles (612 km) from Iwo Jima the fighters are warned by a weather plane of a towering front over Japan and they abort the mission; 1 P-51 is lost.

Mission 204:  During the night of 15/16 May, 30 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters around Fukuoka, Karatsu, and Fushiki.

The 680th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy), attached to HQ 504th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), arrives at North Field, Tinian Island from the US with B-29s.

SATURDAY, 16 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 2 B-25s hit supply movements on the Paoching-Hengyang road; 41 P-51s attack bridges, shipping, road transport, power facilities, and railroad traffic, knocking out bridges near Siangtan, Changsha, and Suchow; rail, road and river traffic is attacked near Yoyang, Hengyang, Kuanyang, Shou-yang, Peking, and Linfen. A power plant at Uong Bi, French Indochina is heavily damaged.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  P-61s arrive on Ie Shima Island and take over night heckler missions against Kyushu Island, Japan from the P-47s; other P-61s fly night intruder missions over Amami Gunto Island, Japan, bombing various targets of opportunity; 38 P-47s from Ie Shima Island dive-bomb boats, AA positions, runways, and buildings on Kikai Island, Japan.

SUNDAY, 17 JUNE 1945

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ZONE OF INTERIOR (ZI):  General of the Army Henry H "Hap" Arnold, Commanding General US Army Air Forces, requests of Lieutenant General Albert C Wedemeyer, Commanding General US Forces in China, that Lieutenant General George E Stratemeyer replace Major General Clare L Chennault as head of AFs in China.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 2 B-25s bomb road and rail supply movements in the Paoching and Hengyang areas; 2 B-25s and 4 P-47s severely damage a bridge at Linmingkuan; 54 P-51s, P-47s, and P-61s hit road transport, railroad, river traffic, gun positions, bridges, and targets of opportunity around Kukong, Hankow, Lingkuantien, Changsha, Yoyang, Loyunghsien, Luchai, Hwangshapu, Kiyang, Kweilin, Kaifeng, and Shihkiachwang; and 4 P-47s blast a communications center at Puchou.

HQ AAF (XX Bomber Command):  HQ XX Bomber Command begins a movement from Kharagpur, India to Okinawa.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  1 mining and 4 incendiary missions are flown during the night of 17/18 Jun.

Mission 205:  25 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters around Kobe; 2 others mine alternate targets.

Mission 206:  117 B-29s attack the Kagoshima urban area and 1 hits an alternate target; 2.15 square miles (5.56 square km) are destroyed; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 207:  116 B-29s hit the Omuta urban area and 3 hit alternate targets; the was the heaviest attack of the 5 but only 0.217 square miles (0.56 square km) were destroyed, only 4.1% of the city's area.

Mission 208:  130 B-29s hit the Hamamatsu urban area; 2.44 square miles (6.32 square km) are destroyed.

Mission 209:  89 B-29s attack the Yokkaichi urban area; 1.23 square miles (3.19 square km) are destroyed.

33 P-47s from Ie Shima Island bomb and strafe shipping, the airfield, villages, a bridge and radar and radio facilities on Amami Gunto Island and Tokuno, Japan. During the night of 17/18 Jun, 2 P-61s from Ie Shima Island fly an unsuccessful (due to weather) intruder strike over Amami Gunto and Kyushu, Japan; this begins a campaign of night and day intruder missions over Kyushu and the Ryukyu Islands by the night fighters (12 more are flown during Jun).

MONDAY, 18 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  70+ P-51s, P-61s, and P-47s continue to disrupt the Japanese withdrawal from S and E China, attacking bridges, villages and town areas, barracks, troop concentrations, motor transport, shipping and rail traffic, and targets of opportunity throughout wide areas.

TUESDAY, 19 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 5 B-25s and 4 P-47s knock out a bridge on the Pinghan (Hankow-Peking) railroad while 4 P-51s knock out another NE of Kihsien on the Tungpu railroad; 70+ other P-51s damage several bridges, hit rail, road and river traffic, supplies, troops, and general targets of opportunity throughout S and E China.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  4 missions, 1 mining and 3 incindiary missions against secondary cities, are flown during the night of 19/20 Jun.

Mission 210:  136 B-29s hit the Toyohashi urban area destroying 1.7 square miles (4.4 square km).

Mission 211:  221 B-29s attack the Fukuoka urban area destroying 1.37 square miles (3.55 square km); 2 other B-29s attack alternate targets.

Mission 212:  123 B-29s attack the Shizuoka urban area destroying 2.25 square miles (5.83 square km); 1 other hits an alternate target; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 213:  28 B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait and the waters at Niigata, Miyazu, and Maizuru.

47 Ie Shima Island-based P-47s bomb the airfield on Tokuno Island while 16 others patrol uneventfully over Amami-O-Shima Island. 117 fighters dispatched from Iwo Jima Island against Kagamigahara Airfield and Meiji, Japan abort because of bad weather.

WEDNESDAY, 20 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In French Indochina, 8 B-25s and 6 P-51s knock out 2 bridges near Quang Tri and My Chanh and blast surrounding AA positions while 8 fighter-bombers sink at least 3 river steamers in a canal at Haiphong. In China, 37 P-51s hit rail, road, and river traffic, bridges, and general targets of opportunity around Liuchow, Kweilin, Juchai, Hankow, Siangtan, Changsha, Hengshan, Sintsiang, Kweiyi, Kueiyangshih, and Ft Bayard; a bridge at Hankow is destroyed and several others damaged. The 11th Combat Cargo Squadron, Fourteenth AF, move from Yunnani to Luliang, China with C-47s.

THURSDAY, 21 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In French Indochina, 16 B-25s bomb an enemy fort at Bac Ninh, hit railroad yards and trains at Thanh Hoa, Phu Dien, Yen Li Station, Ha Trung, and Ninh Binh, damage a tunnel at La Son, bomb a barge concentration at Ha Dong, and attack a train near the Duc Tho bridge. 40+ P-51s and P-38s hit road, rail, and river transport, coastal shipping, troops, supply lines, and targets of opportunity in French Indochina and S and E China.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 214:  25 B-29s mine the sea approaches around Fushiki, Senzaki, Nanao, and Yuya Bay, Japan during the night of 21/22 Jun; 2 others mine alternate areas.

FRIDAY, 22 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  23 B-25s and 4 P-47s pound trucks, trains, and gun positions in the Hanoi, French Indochina area, and in China, bomb railroad yards and barracks area at Sinsiang, hit rail and road targets, buildings, and radar station in the Showyang area, knock out a bridge S of Saiping, and damage a bridge N of Hsuchang; 40+ fighters hit rail, road, and river traffic, artillery emplacements, line positions, and other targets in French Indochina and S and E China.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 5th and 6th Fighter Squadrons (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Kalaikunda to Asansol, India with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  446 B-29s are dispatched in 6 missions to targets on S Honshu Island, Japan during the day.

Mission 215:  162 B-29s attack the Kure Naval Arsenal and 12 others hit alternate targets; 72% of the roof area of the arsenal is damaged; 2 B-29s are lost.

Mission 216:  108 B-29s hit the Mitsubishi aircraft plant at Tamashima destroying 135 of 231 machine tools and almost half the roof area; 10 others hit alternate targets; 2 B-29s are lost.

Mission 217:  52 B-29s attack the Kawanishi aircraft plant at Himeji causing great destruction among the buildings and total destruction of machine tools; 4 others hit alternate targets.

Missions 218 and 219:  34 B-29s hit the Mitsubishi and Kawasaki aircraft plants at Kagamigahara and 10 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost. Mission 220:  25 B-29s hit the Kawasaki aircraft factory at Akashi and 1 hits an alternate target.

40+ P-47s from Ie Shima Island fly combat patrols over Amami Gunto Island, Japan, claiming 11 Japanese aircraft downed.

SATURDAY, 23 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In French Indochina, 4 B-25s knock out the E approach to the Phu Lang Thuong bridge and 4 P-38s bomb locomotives and a barracks area at Les Pins and Lang Son. 12 P-51s strafe airfields in the Canton, China area. 17 other fighters strafe railroad targets and river traffic around Wuchou, Siaokan, and Peking, China, and Hanoi, and Vinh, French Indochina.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 221:  In Japan, during the night of 23/24 Jun, 26 B-29s mine the harbors of Fukuoka, Karatsu, Sakai, and Niigata; 1 B-29 is lost; 38 P-47s from Ie Shima Island bomb airfields at Hakata and Itazuke and, during the return flight, attack 2 boats off Amami Gunto Island; 40 other P-47s bomb Saitozaki Airfield; 100 P-51s are dispatched from Iwo Jima Island to airfields at Kagamigahara and Hyakuri; they claim 19-3-16 aircraft in the air and 13-40 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost.

SUNDAY, 24 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 13 B-25s and 12 fighter- bombers knock out bridges at Lohochai and S of Chenghsien and hit surrounding AA positions, attack animal-drawn transport at Hsiangcheng, attack railroad targets of opportunity in the Shihkiachwang area, and hit railroad yards at Siaokan; 40+ fighter-bombers continue harassing enemy withdrawals in S and E China where numerous communications targets, gun positions, bridges, and rail, road, and river traffic are attacked.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  36 P-47s from Ie Shima Island attack boats and a village in the Sakishima Archipelago, a wharf on Kuro Island, Ishigaki Island, and buildings, villages, targets of opportunity, and several points in the Ryukyu Islands. HQ 507th Fighter Group and 463d, 464th and 465th Fighter Squadrons arrive on Ie Shima Island, Ryukyu Islands from the US with P-47s.

MONDAY, 25 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 18 B-25s and 14 P-51s and P-47s knock out bridges N of Shihkiachwang and N of Saiping, bomb a power plant, barracks, and warehouse at Sinsiang, bomb the Nanyo-Hengyang road, and hit the railroad yard at Siaokan; 80+ fighter-bombers attack bridges, gun positions, river, road, and rail traffic, and generally harass Japanese movements throughout S and E China, particularly around Hengyang, Yoyang, Liuchow, Changsha, Lipu, and Luchai; the 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, based at Shwangliu sends a flight to operate from Ankang with F-5s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 222:  During the night of 25/26 Jun, 26 B-29s plant mines in Shimonoseki Strait and at Maizuru and off Obama Island.

TUESDAY, 26 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 21 P-51s bomb or strafe road, river, and rail traffic, motor pools, gun positions, and buildings around Yoyang, Hengyang, Chenghsien, Linfen, and Tsinan, and knock out a bridge SW of Yutze.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  510 B-29s and 148 P-51s fly 9 missions against aircraft factories, light-metals industries and arsenals in S Honshu and Shikoku; 6 B-29s and 1 P-51 are lost.

Mission 223:  64 B-29s hit the light metal industry at Osaka and 4 others hit alternate targets.

Mission 224:  109 B-29s attack the Osaka Arsenal; 3 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 225:  31 B-29s hit the Kawasaki aircraft plant at Akashi and 5 others hit targets of opportunity; the 4,000-pound (1,814 kg) bombs are well- placed but the target has been almost destroyed in previous raids.

Missions 226 and 227:  58 B-29s attack the Nagoya Arsenal; 6 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost.

Missions 228 and 231:  85 B-29s hit the Kawasaki aircraft plant at Kagamigahara; 23 others hit alternate targets; 2 B-29s are lost; every important building is knocked out.

Mission 229:  50 B-29s attack the Aichi aircraft plant at Eitoku and 14 others attack alternate targets; 2 B-29s are lost; the raid causes light damage.

Mission 230:  29 B-29s hit the light metal industry at Nagoya and 2 others hit targets of opportunity.

The B-29s claim 20 Japanese fighters destroyed. The Nagoya and Osaka missions are escorted by 148 P-51s; they claim 2-0-5 Japanese aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost.

Mission 232:  During the night of 26/27 Jun, 33 B-29s attack the Utsube Oil Refinery at Yokkaichi, the top-priority petroleum target; 1 other B-29 hits an alternate target.

WEDNESDAY, 27 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  HQ 308th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and 374th, 375th and 425th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) move from Hsinching and Kwanghan, China to Rupsi, India with B-24s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  Mission 233:  During the night of 27/28 Jun, 29 B-29s mine the harbors of Hagi, Kobe, and Niigata, Japan.

Very long range fighter mission 25:  148 P-51s are dispatched from Iwo Jima Island, against Kasumigaura, Imba, and Tsukuba Airfields in the Tokyo area but abort because of weather.

20 P-47s from Ie Shima Island hit shipping and a village on Kikai Island, Japan; AA from vessels downs 2 P-47s; 1 vessel is left aflame; 12 other P-47s hit shipping off Kakeroma Island, while 20 more attack vessels and targets of opportunity throughout the Sakishima Archipelago. During the night of 27/28 Jun, 5 P-61s fly intruder attacks, hitting vessels off Amami Gunto Island and Wan Airfield.

THURSDAY, 28 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 7 B-25s and 4 P-51s bomb the town of Changsha, a troop concentration and supply area, and blast truck convoys and ammunition trains in the Yoyang area; 28 P-51s hit a communications center S of Puchou, knock out bridges near Kiehsiu and Neikiuhsien, bomb gun emplacements and defensive positions SE of Hsihsiakou, and attack railroad traffic and damage a road bridge in the Suchow and Yoyang areas.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The detachment of the 427th Night Fighter Squadron, Tenth AF, operating from Kunming, China with P-61s, returns to base at Dinjan, India.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  487 B-29s fly 4 incendiary missions against secondary cities during the night of 28/29 Jun; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 234:  138 B-29s attack Okayama destroying 2.13 square miles (5.52 square km), 63% of the city area; 1 B-29 is lost.

Mission 235:  141 B-29s hit Sasebo destroying 0.97 square miles (2.51 square km), 48% of the city area; 2 other B-29s hit alternate targets.

Mission 236:  91 B-29s attack Moji destroying 0.302 square miles (0.782 square km), 26.9% of the city area; 3 B-29s hit alternate targets.

Mission 237:  117 B-29s hit Nobeoka destroying 0.52 square miles (1.35 square km), 36% of the city area.

39 P-47s from Ie Shima attack shipping at Koniya, Japan with rocket and bombing and hit Tokuno Island with rockets and machinegun fire; 26 more hit targets of opportunity in the Sakishima Archipelago including vessels, docks, an airfield, floatplane, and village.

FRIDAY, 29 JUNE 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force):  In China, 15 B-25s and 4 P-47s knock out a bridge at Chungmow and damage another; 18 P-51s attack troop concentrations, gun emplacements, villages, bridges, and targets of opportunity around Hsihsiakou, Yutze, Anyang, Puchou, and Szeshuiand and knock out a bridge at Szeshui.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force):  The 427th Night Fighter Squadron, Tenth AF, based at Dinjan, India with P-61s, sends a detachment to operate from Chengkung, China.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  2 missions are flown during the night of 29/30 Jun.

Mission 238:  32 B-29s drop 209 tons of bombs on the Nippon Oil Company refinery at Kudamatsu, Japan without loss.

Mission 239:  25 B-29s mine the W Shimonoseki Strait and waters around Maizuru and Sakata without loss.

34 P-47s from Ie Shima Island hit airfields at Kanoya and Kushira on Kyushu Island, Japan with rockets and machinegun fire, and attack shipping while returning, claiming 7 small vessels sunk.

SATURDAY, 30 JUNE 1945

CHINA THEATER (AAF, China Theater):  HQ AAF, China Theater is established by a General Order from HQ, US Forces, China Theater. Lieutenant General George E Stratemeyer is appointed Commanding General; subordinate elements are the Tenth and Fourteenth Air Forces, China Air Service Command, and the 8th Reconnaissance Group.

Fourteenth Air Force:  In China, 2 B-25s attack a bridge at Lohochai, causing little damage; 4 fighter-bombers pound hill positions and hit an artillery emplacement SW of Hsihsiakou; 3 others bomb and strafe an enemy- held temple and a troop area at Likuanchiao.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA)

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force):  The 509th Composite Group, scheduled to deliver the first atomic bomb attack on Japan, begins combat flight training from Tinian Island; for most crews, this involves 5 or 6 practice missions such as a navigation training flight to Iwo Jima Island, bombing Rota Island in the Mariana Islands during the return flight, 2 or more short bombing missions against Rota or Guguan Island, Mariana Islands, 1 long bombing mission against Truk Atoll, and 1 against Marcus Island, all run in flights of from 2 to 9 B-29s.

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