July 1942



WEDNESDAY, 1 JULY 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force):  In China, 4 B-25s from Hengyang, escorted by P-40s, bomb docks at Hankow; bad weather handicaps the bombardiers, and the effects of the raid are inconsequential.

THURSDAY, 2 JULY 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force):  B-25s and P-40s hit the Hankow dock area for the second consecutive day. This raid, more successful than the first, causes considerable damage. The Japanese retaliate during the night by attacking Hengyang but fail to hit the airfield.

FRIDAY, 3 JULY 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force):  In China, 10th Air Force aircraft bomb and strafe the airfield at Nanchang, the probable base of the preceding night's raiders on Hengyang; several parked aircraft are destroyed; during the night Japanese aircraft again strike at Hengyang and once more fail to hit the airfield.

SATURDAY, 4 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  CATF is activated under command of Brigadier General Clare L Chennault. This new command is the successor to Chennault's American Volunteer Group (AVG) which had attained 300 confirmed victories over Japanese aircraft at a cost of less than 50 aircraft and only 9 pilots. Only 5 pilots and a few ground personnel of the AVG choose to join the USAAF, although 20 other pilots agree to stay until replacements arrive in Kunming, China. Combat elements of CATF are:

1. HQ 23d Fighter Group at Kunming with Colonel Robert L Scott, Jr in command and 74th and 76th Fighter Squadrons at Kunming with P-40s and 75th Fighter Squadron at Hengyang with P-40s; all units were activated today.

2. 16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group attached to 23d Fighter Group, at Kunming with P-40s.

3. 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), at Kunming and a detachment at Kweilin, Hengyang and Nanning with B-25s; Colonel Caleb V Haynes is in command.

In air action in China, 5 B-25s, with fighter escort, heavily damage buildings, runways and parked aircraft at Tien Ho Airfield. P-40s over Kweilin intercept a formation of fighter-bombers, claiming 13 destroyed; the Japanese fail to bomb the target.

MONDAY, 6 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  B-25s bomb the waterfront at Canton, China, marking their initial action against coastal facilities of Japanese-held Chinese ports.

WEDNESDAY, 8 JULY 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force):  A single B-25 piloted by Colonel Caleb V Haynes, bombs Japanese HQ at Tengchung, China near the Burma border. Bad weather, pilot fatigue, and maintenance halt major operations for several days.

WEDNESDAY, 15 JULY 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force):  India-China Ferrying Command is activated to replace the Assam-Burma-China Command.

THURSDAY, 16 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  In China, 4 B-25s from Kweilin, with P-40 escort, bomb a storage area at Hankow, starting a fire that is later reported to have burned 3 days. The B-25s land at Hengyang during the return flight to refuel, but are attacked by Japanese aircraft and have to take off immediately. Amidst the confusion a P-40 pilot mistakes a B-25 for a Japanese aircraft and shoots it down, the first bomber lost since the CATF began operations in China; the crew is saved.

SATURDAY, 18 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  In China, 3 B-25s from Kweilin bomb Tien Ho Airfield.

SUNDAY, 19 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  In response to a Chinese request, 2 B-25s strike in support of Chinese ground forces at Linchwan, a Japanese held city undersiege for some time. The Chinese commanding officer later reports that the raid broke the stalemate and the city was entered the next day.

MONDAY, 20 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  3 B-25s bomb docks and warehouses at Chinkiang, China on the Yangtze River; 4 escorting P-40s strafe junks on the river. This is the last CATF bombing raid of Jul.

In China, detachments of 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), operating from Kweilin, Hengyang and Nanning with B-25s return to base at Kunming.

THURSDAY, 23 JULY 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force):  22d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrives at Karachi, India from the US with B-25s; first mission is 14 Dec.

FRIDAY, 24 JULY 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force):  9th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Tenth Air Force, arrives at Karachi, India from the US with F-4s; first mission is 1 Dec 42.

SATURDAY, 25 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  76th Fighter Squadron, 23d Fighter Group, moves from Kunming to Kweilin, China with P-40s.

THURSDAY, 30 JULY 1942

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF):  The Japanese send about 120 aircraft against the base at Hengyang from which CATF is harassing the Yangtze Valley; the attacks last about 36 hours; fierce opposition by US P-40s prevents major damage to the base; 17 Japanese aircraft are shot down, 4 of them at night; 3 P-40s are lost.

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